The March Joint Powers Authority is the grantee of Foreign-Trade Zone (FTZ) 244.
Established in 2000, FTZ 244 operates under the alternative site framework and
currently comprises the majority of western Riverside County
Foreign Trade Zone 244 Questionnaire
Please provide your answers to a brief questionnaire to help us determine
whether your business may be able to take advantage of the cash flow benefits, reduction of
U.S. Customs duty, or elimination of U.S. Customs duty in a Foreign Trade Zone.
Fill Out Questionnaire
Foreign Trade Zone 244 Benefits
The FTZ program helps American companies improve their competitive position versus their
counterparts abroad. The FTZ program allows U.S.-based companies to defer, reduce, or even
eliminate Customs duties on products admitted to the zone. Please use the following
worksheet to calculate "potential" savings: (download worksheet
Deferral of Duties
Customs duties are paid only when and if merchandise is transferred into U.S.
Customs and Border Protection territory. This benefit equates to a cash-flow savings
that allows companies to keep critical funds accessible for their operating needs while
the merchandise remains in the zone. There is no time limit on the length of time
that merchandise can remain in a zone.
Reduction of Duties
In a FTZ, with the permission of the Foreign-Trade Zones Board, users are allowed
to elect a zone status on merchandise admitted to the zone. This zone status
determines the duty rate that will be applied to foreign merchandise if it is
eventually entered into U.S. commerce from the FTZ. This process allows users to
elect the lower duty rate of that applicable to either the foreign inputs or the finished
product manufactured in the zone. If the rate on the foreign inputs admitted to the
zone is higher than the rate applied to the finished product, the FTZ user may choose
the finished product rate, thereby reducing the amount of duty owed.
Elimination of Duties
No duties are paid on merchandise exported from a FTZ. Therefore, duty is eliminated
on foreign merchandise admitted to the zone but eventually exported from the FTZ.
Generally, duties are also eliminated for merchandise that is scrapped, wasted, destroyed,
or consumed in a zone.
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Elimination of Drawback
In some instances, duties previously paid on exported merchandise may be refunded
through a process called "drawback." The drawback law has become increasingly complex
and expensive to administer. Through the use of a FTZ, the need for drawback may be
eliminated, allowing these funds to remain in the operating capital of the company.
Estimated Weekly Entry & Merchandise Processing Fee (MPF)
The Customs broker collects fees for preparing and filing each entry with U.S. Customs
and Border Protection; Customs collects the MPF which is assessed (with a minimum
of $25 and a maximum of $485) against each entry filed. The FTZ program allows
consolidation from daily or per-container entries into weekly entries, often resulting in
Labor, Overhead, and Profit
In calculating the dutiable value on foreign merchandise removed from a zone, zone
users are authorized to exclude zone costs of processing or fabrication, general expenses,
and profit. Therefore, duties are not owed on labor, overhead, and profit attributed to
production in a FTZ.
By federal statute, tangible personal property imported from outside the U.S. and held in
a zone, as well as that produced in the U.S. and held in a zone for exportation, are not
subject to State and local ad valorem taxes.
U.S. quota restrictions do not apply to merchandise admitted to zones, although quotas
will apply if and when the merchandise is subsequently entered into U.S. commerce.
Merchandise subject to quota, with the permission of the Foreign-Trade Zones Board, may
be substantially transformed in a FTZ to a non-quota article that may then be entered into
U.S. Customs and Border Protection territory, free of quota restrictions. Quota merchandise
may be stored in a FTZ so that when the quota opens, the merchandise may be immediately s
hipped into U.S. Customs and Border Protection territory.
An increasing number of firms are making use of the ability to transfer merchandise from one
zone to another. Because the merchandise is transported in-bond, duty may be deferred until
the product is removed from the final zone for entry into the U.S. Customs and Border Protection
Additional benefits, sometimes referred to as intangible benefits, have begun to play a greater
role in a company's evaluation of the FTZ program. Many companies in FTZs find that their
inventory control systems run more efficiently, thereby increasing their competitiveness. FTZ
users also find that in meeting their FTZ reporting responsibilities to the U.S. government, they
are eligible to take advantage of special Customs procedures such as direct delivery and weekly
entry. These procedures expedite the movement of cargo, thereby supporting just-in-time
For more information about Foreign-Trade Zone 244, contact
Dr. Grace Martin
, Executive Director.
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